The Welfare Queen of Denmark
Ronald Reagan's "welfare queen" lives on, shadowing discussions of social spending and austerity, an economist writes.
Posted: 22 Apr 2013 06:32 AM PDT
American Society of Pharmacognosy Varro E. Tyler Prize
The Varro E. Tyler Prize is to recognize an individual who has made outstanding scientific contributions to the broad field of dietary supplements, with special emphasis on botanicals. The contributions should be in an area of phytochemistry, pharmacognosy, or pharmacology. Notable contributions to botanical studies outside these primary areas of emphasis, including, for example, clinical investigations, may also be eligible for consideration.
The Varro E. Tyler Prize will consist of a suitably inscribed plaque, a monetary prize of $5000, and travel expenses to the meeting where the award will be made. Selection: To be made by a committee appointed by the President of the American Society of Pharmacognosy (ASP), consisting of a chair and at least two other members. Eligibility and Mechanism: The Varro E. Tyler Prize will be awarded either at the annual or an interim meeting of the ASP. Recipients must be present in person to receive it. Applications/nominations (one electronic copy) for the Varro E. Tyler Prize must be received by the chairman of the Prize Committee at least two months prior to the meeting at which the award is scheduled. No special form is required, but the application should include a letter outlining the candidate’s significant contributions to the field and a detailed curriculum vitae of the nominee, including a complete listing of publications. Reprints of 2-3 significant papers may be included. Other types of supporting documents that may be listed are books, unpublished speeches, patents, and the like. Up to two supporting letters may also be submitted on behalf of a candidate/nominee. Membership in the ASP is not a requirement for consideration, nor is eligibility restricted on the basis of nationality.
To nominate: One electronic copy of a completed nominations should be sent to the committee chair.
Submissions must reach the chair no later than September 15. Applications will not be returned. On request, the Committee will hold unsuccessful submissions for reconsideration in future years.
Note that the Varro E. Tyler Prize is administered separately.
Posted: 22 Apr 2013 06:25 AM PDT
American Society of Pharmacognosy Undergraduate Research Award
The ASP Undergraduate Research Award consists of a stipend of $2,000 to the student and $500 to the advisor to help defray the costs of the research. There are no limitations on the type of research to be conducted other than that it should be in the area of natural products. Applications should be submitted via email. Applications for the Undergraduate Research Award must be received by February 15, and consist of the following:
• An outline of the research to be conducted, written by the student applicant. This should include a statement of the problem and the goal(s) of the research, and a brief discussion of the methodology. This outline, with pertinent references, should not be longer than four double-spaced, typed pages.
• A transcript of all college work attempted.
• A curriculum vitae, including contact information and email address (upon receipt of a completed application, a confirming receipt will be sent by email).
• A letter of agreement by the faculty advisor (a member of the American Society of Pharmacognosy) for the project, indicating a willingness to supervise the project, and provide the facilities and equipment for the conduct of the project. The letter should also include a statement about the student’s academic performance and suitability to perform the work proposed.
• Preference will be given to students who have not graduated by the time the award will be administered (i.e. undergraduate students who will graduate in the spring prior to these summer awards will receive lower priority in the evaluation of applications).
Applications should be submitted via email to William P. Jones, Chair, ASP Awards and Funds Committee (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Posted: 22 Apr 2013 06:19 AM PDT
American Society of Pharmacognosy Student Research Award
ASP Student Research Awards are designed to recognize outstanding research in the general area of natural products. The competition is open to all graduate and undergraduate students working with a member of the ASP. Students should submit a cover letter that includes contact information including email address and a research paper describing his/her own work in the area of natural products. The research paper should conform in general to the format of the Journal of Natural Products. Up to two awards will be made in any year. The award will consist of an engraved plaque, a $500 cash gift and up to $1000 assistance with expenses to present the paper at the annual meeting of the ASP (restricted to meetings held in continental North America and Hawaii). If applicants for the Student Research Award who are working in colleges or schools of pharmacy provide the required certification letter from the student’s Dean or Registrar, they will be considered automatically for the Kilmer Prize. The deadline for submission of the research paper is February 15.
Posted: 22 Apr 2013 06:13 AM PDT
American Society of Pharmacognosy General Student Travel Grants
Student travel awards/grants are for graduate students under the supervision of a Society member. All applicants for student travel awards/grants will be considered for the Lynn Brady Student Travel Awards, the David Carew Student Travel Award, and the General Student Travel Grants. Application for these awards/grants can be made by submission of a short (1-3 pages) synopsis of the work to be presented, a curriculum vitae, contact information including email address, and a letter of justification/recommendation from the advisor. The most outstanding applicants will be winners of the travel awards. Other deserving applicants will receive the General Student Travel Grants. All awards are contingent on the acceptance of the paper for presentation by the Scientific Program Committee (submission of an abstract for the meeting is a separate process; see annual meeting website for details and abstract submission deadlines). Applications are due February 15. Applications should be submitted via email to William P. Jones, Chair, ASP Awards and Funds Committee (email@example.com)
The General Travel Grant for Graduate Students is for graduate students under the supervision of a Society member. These travel grants of up to $600 help to enable students to attend a Society meeting and present a paper. Applications are due February 15.
Please Note: All travel awards/grants are provided at the annual ASP meeting, after presentation of the research as either a poster or a talk. The initial costs of registration and travel to the meeting will need to be covered by the applicant.
Posted: 22 Apr 2013 06:05 AM PDT
American Society of Pharmacognosy Travel Grants for Active Members
Travel Grants are available to enable active members who are within the first five years of earning their Ph.D. to travel to an American Society of Pharmacognosy meeting and present the results of their research. These awards of $600 are made on a competitive basis. Application can be made by submission of a short (2-3 pages) synopsis of the work to be presented, a curriculum vitae and a letter of justification for the request. All awards are contingent on the acceptance of the paper for presentation by the Scientific Program Committee. The deadline for submission of applications is February 15. Applications should be submitted via email to William P. Jones, Chair, ASP Awards and Funds Committee (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Posted: 22 Apr 2013 06:00 AM PDT
American Society of Pharmacognosy D. John Faulkner Travel Award
The D. John Faulkner Award is available to active members of the ASP who are within five years of their first independent appointment, to support their attendance at the ASP Annual Meeting.
The American Society of Pharmacognosy honored John’s lifetime contributions to the study of natural products with the ASP Research Achievement Award in 2003. In tribute to John’s dedication as a mentor, the D. John Faulkner Award has been established to provide opportunity for a young investigator to attend an annual ASP meeting. Meryl Faulkner, John’s widow, initiated endowment of this award with the funds received from John’s ASP Research Achievement Award that she accepted on his behalf.
The award consists of an engraved plaque and $1000 to assist the recipient to travel to an ASP annual meeting and present the results of her/his research. Applicants for the Travel Grant for Active Members who meet the selection criteria will automatically be considered for this award and need not submit a separate application but should include the initial date of their appointment in their letter. All awards are contingent on the acceptance of the paper for presentation by the Scientific Program Committee. Application for this award may be made by submission of a short (2-3 pages) synopsis of the work to be presented, curriculum vitae, and a letter of justification for the request. The deadline for submission is February 15. Applications should be submitted via email to William P. Jones, Chair, ASP Awards and Funds Committee (email@example.com)
Posted: 22 Apr 2013 05:53 AM PDT
American Society of Pharmacognosy Research Starter Grants
The Research Starter Grants are small research grants from $2000 to $5000 available for active members in the first eight years after earning their Ph.D. and in the first five years of their first independent career position. These are one-time awards and do not provide indirect costs. They are awarded preferentially to applicants who have not yet received major external funding. Applicants should submit a research proposal of no more than four double-spaced, typed pages. A budget should accompany the proposal and the investigator should also provide a statement of his/her current funding. A curriculum vitae of the investigator must be included with the proposal and budget. In addition, a brief letter from a departmental chair or institutional representative should be included, indicating that the applicant has institutional support for the application. The deadline for submission of application for these grants is February 15. Applications should be submitted via email to William P. Jones, Chair, ASP Awards and Funds Committee (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Posted: 22 Apr 2013 05:32 AM PDT
American Society of Pharmacognosy Matt Suffness Award
The Matt Suffness (Young Investigators Symposium) Award, is intended to recognize the contributions of younger natural product scientists, and to provide a special, timely forum for them to present results from their research at the annual ASP meeting. The Award also recognizes and honors the memory of Dr. Matt Suffness. Dr. Suffness served as the Society’s President in 1989-1990, during which time he initiated the “Young Investigator’s Symposium” which now bears his name.
The Awards and Funds Committee has been charged with the selection of speakers according to the following procedure and criteria:
• The number of speakers per year shall be limited to one, but may be none if suitable nominations are not received in a particular year.
• Nominees must be ASP members.
• Nominees shall be within 12 years of receiving their Ph.D., and within 10 years of gaining their first independent position (e.g., Assistant Professor or equivalent position in industry or government).
• A nomination must be accompanied by the nominee’s CV, an abstract of the presentation proposed by the nominee, and relevant reprints (maximum of 4). Selected speakers will be invited to submit a short review paper to the Journal of Natural Products.
• Nominations will be solicited in the Newsletter, on the Website, and from recipients of the Research Achievement Award. Any current member of the ASP may submit nominations, however, self-nominations will not be accepted.
• The Awards and Funds Committee must keep in close contact with the appropriate ASP meeting Scientific Program Committee.
• The deadline for nominations for this award is February 15.
The Matt Suffness Award consists of complimentary Registration at the annual meeting of the ASP and $1,000 to help offset the costs associated with travel and attendance at the conference. Applications should be submitted via email to William P. Jones, Chair, ASP Awards and Funds Committee (email@example.com)
Call for Nominations: Norman R Farnsworth American Society of Pharmacognosy Research Acheivement Award
Posted: 22 Apr 2013 05:26 AM PDT
Call for Nominations: Norman R Farnsworth American Society of Pharmacognosy Research Acheivement Award
The Norman R Farnsworth ASP Research Acheivement Award is selected by the American Society of Pharmacognosy annually. Candidates must be members of the Society who have made outstanding contributions to research on natural products. The award consists of an honorarium of $5000 and travel expenses to present the award lecture at an annual meeting of the Society.
Nominations are due by December 15 to the Chairman of the Norman R. Farnsworth ASP Research Achievement Award Committee and should consist of a nominating letter, a curriculum vitae of the candidate, and letters from three individuals who are familiar with the candidate’s scientific accomplishments. Nomination documents should be submitted in triplicate to:
Dr. Jim McAlpine
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First US-China Trade Ship Carried 30 Tons of American Ginseng
Though modern political relations between the United States and China can sometimes appear shaky, the 2 power countries have an undeniably strong and deep-rooted trade relationship. According to the US-China Business Council, the United States is China’s number one trade partner, exchanging about $385 billion worth of goods in 2010.1 Although it is a story that most Americans have never heard, a medicinal plant, wild American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius), played an essential role in establishing the roots of this colossal, centuries-old trade alliance.2,3
In late 1783, the United States of America, which had just won its independence from Great Britain, was in dire economic straits partly because Britain had banned many trade hubs from dealing with the new country.3 In an effort to establish its own trade routes and rescue the country’s financial system, the United States sent a ship named the Empress of China from New York Harbor to Canton, China (now called Guangzhou) on February 22nd of 1784.2 It carried 30 tons of wild American ginseng, mostly gathered from southern Appalachia.
While British and European settlers in North America had been trading with other countries for several years, the Empress cargo was the first shipment under the American flag. According to David Taylor, author of Ginseng, the Divine Root, loading the ship with ginseng was a smart and safe strategic decision.
“We knew they wanted ginseng because there was already a history of demand for it, rather than a range of goods we didn’t know if they would like,” he said (oral communication, April 10, 2012).
David Wang, PhD — manager of Queens Library in Laurelton — said the early Americans saw ginseng “as a valuable opportunity to break their economic blockage by Britain” (e-mail, April 23, 2012). Other sources document the Empress as an attempt to establish a new source of tea, which was becoming dearly missed after the United States was banned from trading with the British West Indies.4
Meanwhile, China also had a need for new ginseng sources. Though the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) first sought to protect the region’s ginseng populations by controlling collection, it eventually gave up that mission. According to Taylor’s Divine Root, “Resigned that ginseng would be overharvested no matter what, the imperial court decided to reap the plant’s riches while it could… In the end, China’s last dynasty ebbed and the wild root vanished from its forests.”2
Much of the Empress’s success depended on a French missionary traveling through the New World.2 In the early 1700s, a Jesuit cleric who had heard of this mysterious root from Asia discovered the Mohawks’ use of ginseng. He recorded it and published a booklet on ginseng,2 which led to the trade of wild ginseng roots throughout North America and eventually China.
“[The Empress] triumphed because it made it there and back, and made a profit, which was never guaranteed at that point in time. Economically, it was important in terms of making contact between the US and China,” said Taylor, noting a Congressional resolution, passed after the Empress’s return, encouraging more such ventures. According to Dr. Wang, American ginseng “was the most important commercial good in the trade between China and the United States during the late 1700s leading into the early 1800s.”
Not only was the Empress’s ginseng cargo an economic success, it also tied the countries together on another — and perhaps equally important — level.
“Ginseng opened the door to the idea that there were natural and cultural resources shared between North America and Asia,” said Taylor.
Instead of becoming competition for Asian ginseng, the American variety was viewed as being complementary, said Dr. Wang. “[The Chinese] discovered that Chinese ginseng is warm and good for people who have recovered from a serious illness and need to regain their strength; on the other hand, American ginseng has cooler properties and is normally used to cool down fevers or summer heat. The Chinese considered it good for people with deficient yin or excessive yang. Therefore, American Ginseng was welcomed all the time.”
But both Taylor and Dr. Wang indicated that the Empress and early ginseng trade influenced America more than it did China.
“[The Empress of China] definitely shifted [China’s] view to realize this new country that had a complement of Asian ginseng,” said Taylor. “On the American side, it probably had more impact because it really set the pattern for foreign trade for more than 3 decades.”
Most Americans, he continued, were driven by a potential for trading and making a living and ginseng was one of the first products that enabled them to find success in these aspirations. Similarly, Dr. Wang noted that ginseng helped “Americanize” the new country. Among famous early Americans, George Washington, Daniel Boone, and John Jacob Astor were reportedly involved with the ginseng trade.5
“It also, however, seems pretty clear that lots of ginseng was collected [for trading] by native peoples, especially the Cherokee,” said Dan Moerman, author of Native American Ethnobotany and an anthropology professor at the University of Michigan-Dearborn. “I think it's likely that ginseng became more interesting to native peoples after they realized how valuable it was in trade. Maybe that Americanized them.”
“The search for ginseng, the most important and lucrative export to China, became an important driving force of the westward expansion,” said Dr. Wang. “From the Eastern coast areas all the way out west… searching for Ginseng became a fever.”
In return for ginseng and other goods aboard the Empress and early trading ships to China, the United States imported much tea, which Dr. Wang said helped popularize the beverage, especially for lower classes of society that previously were unable to afford such a luxury item.
The United States exported hundreds of thousands of pounds of ginseng in the years after the Empress set sail, over-exploiting many of the country’s wild populations.5 When the US Fish and Wildlife Services implemented the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species, or CITES, in 1977, the agency began controlling wild ginseng harvest and trade.
“There is an unquenchable interest in the plant and how it grows and how people can use it,” said Taylor. “It also points out the boom and bust cycle of natural products from the wild, particularly medicinal products, especially if they’re not regulated.”